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Pests



Your pets may experience a variety of parasites.
To identify them, please ask our team or your veterinarian.


TERRARIUM PARASITES 

EXAMPLE Ophionyssus NATRICIS, The SNAKE MITE 

Ophionyssus natricis predominantly infects snakes. This parasite is common and its presence seems to be related to captivity.

These parasites are present as small black dots of only a few millimeters. They can be found in the water bowls, on the animals or hands after handling them.

The presence of these parasites can be serious if no action is taken. The parasite Ophionyssus natricis is a blood-sucking mite, and can cause: 

  • Anaemia

  • Transmission of viral and infectious diseases

  • General weakening up to death.



 LIFE CYCLE OF Ophionyssus NATRICIS.

The developmental time for nymphs and adults depends on factors such as humidity and temperature. When these parameters are higher, development is quicker:

Ideal conditions:

  • +/- Temperature 25 ° C
  • Humidity between 70 and 80%

Temperature >60 °C: Death of the parasites in most cases
Humidity <20%: Blocking hatching

 

Life cycle

Nymphs

  • Very mobile
  • Barely visible because lightly coloured (white, beige)

Males

  • Resemble deutonymph

 

Females

  • Size: much bigger
  • Color : burgundy to black
  • Lay: - Large translucent white eggs adhere to the substrate on which they are laid.

           - Up to 60-80 eggs during their lifetime (several weeks).

 

The rate of population growth and the rate of spread of these pests can be very fast.


 

OTHER mites AFFECTING TERRARIUM animals

They are mostly blood-sucking, or lymphophilic hémolymphophages:

  • On lizards, mites (Hirstiella and Pterygosoma) can be found. They colonize the scales of the Agamas, geckos and iguanas.
  • On tarantulas or scorpions, it is often other mites, such as gender Pimeliaphilus, which consumes the hemolymph of its hosts.

 

   

Parasite mite on Bhutus sp (Photo Latoxan)

Parasite mite on Phelsulma sp

Parasite mite on ant

 

In the preparation of nutrient media for breeding fruit flies for the amphibian diet, it is common to find the presence of harmful mites. These are mostly food storage mites. These mites are also attacked and eaten by the predator TAURRUS®.

 

 

THE « RED mite» KILLER of pet BIRDS

ID card: Dermanyssus gallinae, improperly called "red lice", mite of the family Dermanyssidae.


Particular signs:

  • Hematophagus: each individual takes two blood meals to reach the adult stage. A female only needs 1 blood meal to lay her first eggs and she can repeat this up to 10 times!
  • Very high survivability, even at negative temperatures, even without food
  • Ability to lay eggs in a very broad temperature and humidity range: 5 - 45 °C and 30 - 90% relative humidity
  • Fast life cycle from egg to adult (5 to 8 days depending on temperature)
  • Sensitivity to light

 

                 



SYMPTOMS


  • Stress, nervousness, pecking and repeated scratching.
  • Anemia and weakening of birds, up to the death of the youngest.
  • Red spots on eggs.
  • To confirm the presence of red mite in your aviary, leave a white handkerchief folded in four at the bottom of the cage or aviary for a day or two.

       Mites will settle well sheltered in the folds.

 

 

 

AREAS AT RISK



  • The red mite is very mobile, but lazy: he lives near the bird resting areas, such as perches, nests etc.
  • Wingless, it uses the smallest space near its host to take refuge: unreachable sheet folds, cracks in walls, dried droppings etc.

 

Need help identifying a parasite ? Contact us !